The United States Immigration system and laws are somewhat difficult to understand if you are a layman. It is based on the law governing body i.e. INA (Immigration and Naturalization Act) of current immigration policies. It determines a worldwide annual limit for permanent immigrants to 6, 75000, with exceptions for close family members.
Features of US Immigration Policy:
Let’s understand now as to how the US Immigration System is designed.
A. Family-Based Immigration
The amalgamation or unification of families is a critical aspect of US Immigration Policy. The LPRs (Lawful Permanent Residents of US) and US Citizens are allowed to bring their certain family members to US under Family based Immigration system. The family based immigrants are being allowed to US both as immediate relatives of US Citizens or as a family preference system. The total of approximately 480,000 visas available under this category every year.
The Visa applicant applying under Immediate relative category requires to meet the following requirements, i.e. they need to be:
Under family preference category limited number of visas available every year. And the following criteria need to be fulfilled:
You may refer the website (i.e. http://www.immigrationpolicy.org) for further details regarding family based immigration system.
B. Employment-Based Immigration
The immigrants with valuable skills and experience are being invited by the United States to live and work in US on both temporary or permanent visa basis. There several types of visas being allocated for temporary nonimmigrant workers, i.e. L visas for intracompany transfers, P Visas for athletes, entertainers and skilled performers, A Visa for diplomatic employees, O visas for workers of extraordinary ability, R visas for religious category and so on. The USCIS website may be referred for the complete list of visas under this category.
There are approximately 140, 000 visas are allowed under permanent immigration category every year. This type of visa is basically divided into 5 parts, each depends on the numerical limitations. You may refer the concerned website for further details about the classification.
Per country ceilings
There is a system in place to prevent any immigrant group to dominate the US immigration patterns or policy. As per this system only 7% of the immigrants are allowed per year from a particular country. No permanent immigrants (both from employment based or family based system) of any country can exceed the limit of 7% every year.
C. Refugees and Asylees
The USA provides a legal admission to various categories of people who are escaping persecution or are not able to return to their homeland due to some extraordinary conditions or reasons, i.e. due to their race, political opinion, religion, national origin or life threat. However, the admission to refugees is based on various factors, i.e. the severity of risk they face, membership in a group that is of special concerned to the US, (it is designated annually by the US President and the congress), and whether or not they have any family member in US.
The numerical ceiling of the Refugee admission is being determined by the President in consultation with the congress. However, after September 11, 2011, the number of refugees admitted into the United States cut down severely, but yearly admissions have gradually increased as more refined means of accomplishing security checks have been put into practice now.
This category is for the people already in the United States who were persecuted or fear persecution upon their return. Such applicants may apply for asylum in the United States or at a port of entry at the time they seek admission. They must petition within one year of their arrival in the U.S. There is no limit on the number of people, who may be granted asylum in a year.
Both Asylees, and Refugees can go on to become LPRs one year after their admission to the United States as a refugee or one year after getting the asylum.
D. The Diversity Visa Program
As per the US Immigration Act 1990, the Diversity Visa lottery was formed as a specific channel for countries with low immigration rate to the United States. The total of 55,000 visas are permitted randomly to the citizens of the countries who have sent less than 50,000 immigrants to US in last 5 years. Out of the 55,000, up to 5,000 are available are to be used under the NACARA program.
Eligibility Conditions for Diversity Visa Program:
To be eligible for a diversity visa an immigrant:
A random lottery drawing chooses the candidates for diversity visas. The visas are dispersed among six geographic locations with a maximum number of visas going to locations with lower rates of immigration, and no visas for countries sending more than 50,000 immigrants to the U.S. over the previous five years.
People from eligible countries can register for the lottery. However, as these visas are dispersed on a regional basis, the program, hence, especially benefits, Africans and Eastern Europeans.
E. Other Types of Humanitarian Relief
There are basically two categories under this program:
TPS (Temporary Protected Status): It is being granted to the people who are in US, however, can not return to their homeland due to Natural Disaster or any other extraordinary temporary condition’ or ‘the armed conflict’. It can be granted to the nationals of any country such country for 6, 12 or 18 months. Moreover, it can be extended beyond if the unsafe conditions in the country persists.
DED (Deferred Enforced Departure): It provides the security from the deportation for people whose homelands are unstable and hence, making their return dangerous. However, unlike the TPS, DED is the discretion of the executive branch and not authorized by the state.
F. U.S. Citizenship
To qualify for the US citizenship through the naturalization, a person must have had the LPR status (A Green Card) for at least 5 years (or 3 years in case the person has got the green card through a US Citizen spouse or through violence against women act- VAWA).
I had an excellent experience with Visas Avenue. Mr. Aditya from the Mumbai office, Mr. Nitin and my case manager Mr. Vijay Singh deserve a special mention. Visas Avenue made the entire Canada PR process look really simple. Huge credit to the team for their professionalism , regular updates and ability to handle critical situations effectively. Have recommended Visas Avenue to a lot of friends and will continue to do so!
The teams, people and process for VISA application at VISAs Avenue is worth appreciation. It was a time consuming process in my Case being a PNP applicant for Canada and I must say they really helped in getting Ontario province nomination. They know the exact stuff and what needs to be done in those cases. I want to thank Mr. Vijay and his team for their continued guidance and support in these 2 years. I would high recommend Visas Avenue for anyone wanting VISA assiatnce in New Delhi.
We first met Niranjan Kanade at their Mumbai branch and he was very professional which made us consider Visas Avenue to start with.I would like to thank my case manager Vijay Singh and his team (Nitin and Anjali) for the amazing service. My country of residence is currently Australia but despite of the time difference, I never felt like it is very difficult to communicate with them. They were always very prompt with their replies and made sure that all my doubts are cleared. Their documentation is so perfect that my application for PR got approved in just 3 months.They also keep following up with you from time-to-time which literally keeps you on your toes in terms of getting all our documents in place. I would certainly recommend Visas Avenue for anyone who is aspiring to become a Canadian Permanent Resident as their service is top class.
We have obtained our Canada PR (Express Entry) through Visas Avenue , Delhi and had a very pleasant experience with them. They are very professional and dedicated people. Our special compliments for Mr. Yatin Malhotra who was our case manager and his entire team. With his expertise and knowledge he lead our case to success within a short span which was even unexpected for us. His clear vision about every aspect of documentation made things easier for us. Moreover, at times when dilemma arises over any issue, he never hesitated in taking full responsibility for his decisions.He responded to our repeated queries over phone in very positive and polite manner and had taken personal pain to complete the whole process on time , keeping all deadlines into consideration. In addition, Ms. Shivani Mehra initially guided us properly that helped us build more confidence in Visas Avenue. Also Mr. Gaurav Arora, our case Co- Ordinator helped immensely to lead our case to success through his timely, systematic planning & support.Finally, I would like to conclude saying that Visas Avenue is worth every penny we spent and are very happy that now we are Permanent Residents of Canada.
A big thank you to the team assigned to my case. From gulabchand to kshama to jasmeet for starting the journey well with me, to Deepak and Amit for taking this long journey with me till date and lastly to Ruchika, who overlooked and spearheaded my journey from start to end. Thank you all coz this wouldn't be possible with out you all. Some of you have worked more on my case than others and I thank-you for bearing with us too. Apologies if I'm missing out on any names.
When we had a plan to immigrate to Canada I was very skeptical while choosing the right immigration consultants and i did a lot of research and finally made up my mind by reading good reviews of Visas Avenue. I feel i have taken the best decision and i am here today extremely happy as we received the PR in 5 months of time. They helped me with all the queries i had and explained each and every step in the process with utmost patience. I was very sure that my application was submitted in a perfect manner.I specially want to thank Vijay Singh, Nitin Varma and Anjali Sharma who made my dream come true. They really are the best consultants.Finally thank you very much for the entire Visas Avenue team.
The team at Visas Avenue is well versed in process knowledge, is efficient, and follows up regularly. The fees charged are competitive, and the service offered is exceptional.A special thanks for my case officer Deepak and Amit. They were extremely helpful in my entire journey. The process knowledge and adherence to different protocols is what I appreciate the most. Thanks again.
Visa's avenue team (especially Vijay, Anjali and Nitin) was really helpful in getting my Canada PR Visa and set my expectations before starting the process. Their guidance in each and every step was really helpful and timely. I really enjoyed their service.